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/wp-includes/Requests/ -> Cookie.php (source)

   1  <?php
   2  /**
   3   * Cookie storage object
   4   *
   5   * @package Requests
   6   * @subpackage Cookies
   7   */
   8  
   9  /**
  10   * Cookie storage object
  11   *
  12   * @package Requests
  13   * @subpackage Cookies
  14   */
  15  class Requests_Cookie {
  16      /**
  17       * Cookie name.
  18       *
  19       * @var string
  20       */
  21      public $name;
  22  
  23      /**
  24       * Cookie value.
  25       *
  26       * @var string
  27       */
  28      public $value;
  29  
  30      /**
  31       * Cookie attributes
  32       *
  33       * Valid keys are (currently) path, domain, expires, max-age, secure and
  34       * httponly.
  35       *
  36       * @var Requests_Utility_CaseInsensitiveDictionary|array Array-like object
  37       */
  38      public $attributes = array();
  39  
  40      /**
  41       * Cookie flags
  42       *
  43       * Valid keys are (currently) creation, last-access, persistent and
  44       * host-only.
  45       *
  46       * @var array
  47       */
  48      public $flags = array();
  49  
  50      /**
  51       * Reference time for relative calculations
  52       *
  53       * This is used in place of `time()` when calculating Max-Age expiration and
  54       * checking time validity.
  55       *
  56       * @var int
  57       */
  58      public $reference_time = 0;
  59  
  60      /**
  61       * Create a new cookie object
  62       *
  63       * @param string $name
  64       * @param string $value
  65       * @param array|Requests_Utility_CaseInsensitiveDictionary $attributes Associative array of attribute data
  66       */
  67  	public function __construct($name, $value, $attributes = array(), $flags = array(), $reference_time = null) {
  68          $this->name = $name;
  69          $this->value = $value;
  70          $this->attributes = $attributes;
  71          $default_flags = array(
  72              'creation' => time(),
  73              'last-access' => time(),
  74              'persistent' => false,
  75              'host-only' => true,
  76          );
  77          $this->flags = array_merge($default_flags, $flags);
  78  
  79          $this->reference_time = time();
  80          if ($reference_time !== null) {
  81              $this->reference_time = $reference_time;
  82          }
  83  
  84          $this->normalize();
  85      }
  86  
  87      /**
  88       * Check if a cookie is expired.
  89       *
  90       * Checks the age against $this->reference_time to determine if the cookie
  91       * is expired.
  92       *
  93       * @return boolean True if expired, false if time is valid.
  94       */
  95  	public function is_expired() {
  96          // RFC6265, s. 4.1.2.2:
  97          // If a cookie has both the Max-Age and the Expires attribute, the Max-
  98          // Age attribute has precedence and controls the expiration date of the
  99          // cookie.
 100          if (isset($this->attributes['max-age'])) {
 101              $max_age = $this->attributes['max-age'];
 102              return $max_age < $this->reference_time;
 103          }
 104  
 105          if (isset($this->attributes['expires'])) {
 106              $expires = $this->attributes['expires'];
 107              return $expires < $this->reference_time;
 108          }
 109  
 110          return false;
 111      }
 112  
 113      /**
 114       * Check if a cookie is valid for a given URI
 115       *
 116       * @param Requests_IRI $uri URI to check
 117       * @return boolean Whether the cookie is valid for the given URI
 118       */
 119  	public function uri_matches(Requests_IRI $uri) {
 120          if (!$this->domain_matches($uri->host)) {
 121              return false;
 122          }
 123  
 124          if (!$this->path_matches($uri->path)) {
 125              return false;
 126          }
 127  
 128          return empty($this->attributes['secure']) || $uri->scheme === 'https';
 129      }
 130  
 131      /**
 132       * Check if a cookie is valid for a given domain
 133       *
 134       * @param string $string Domain to check
 135       * @return boolean Whether the cookie is valid for the given domain
 136       */
 137  	public function domain_matches($string) {
 138          if (!isset($this->attributes['domain'])) {
 139              // Cookies created manually; cookies created by Requests will set
 140              // the domain to the requested domain
 141              return true;
 142          }
 143  
 144          $domain_string = $this->attributes['domain'];
 145          if ($domain_string === $string) {
 146              // The domain string and the string are identical.
 147              return true;
 148          }
 149  
 150          // If the cookie is marked as host-only and we don't have an exact
 151          // match, reject the cookie
 152          if ($this->flags['host-only'] === true) {
 153              return false;
 154          }
 155  
 156          if (strlen($string) <= strlen($domain_string)) {
 157              // For obvious reasons, the string cannot be a suffix if the domain
 158              // is shorter than the domain string
 159              return false;
 160          }
 161  
 162          if (substr($string, -1 * strlen($domain_string)) !== $domain_string) {
 163              // The domain string should be a suffix of the string.
 164              return false;
 165          }
 166  
 167          $prefix = substr($string, 0, strlen($string) - strlen($domain_string));
 168          if (substr($prefix, -1) !== '.') {
 169              // The last character of the string that is not included in the
 170              // domain string should be a %x2E (".") character.
 171              return false;
 172          }
 173  
 174          // The string should be a host name (i.e., not an IP address).
 175          return !preg_match('#^(.+\.)\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}$#', $string);
 176      }
 177  
 178      /**
 179       * Check if a cookie is valid for a given path
 180       *
 181       * From the path-match check in RFC 6265 section 5.1.4
 182       *
 183       * @param string $request_path Path to check
 184       * @return boolean Whether the cookie is valid for the given path
 185       */
 186  	public function path_matches($request_path) {
 187          if (empty($request_path)) {
 188              // Normalize empty path to root
 189              $request_path = '/';
 190          }
 191  
 192          if (!isset($this->attributes['path'])) {
 193              // Cookies created manually; cookies created by Requests will set
 194              // the path to the requested path
 195              return true;
 196          }
 197  
 198          $cookie_path = $this->attributes['path'];
 199  
 200          if ($cookie_path === $request_path) {
 201              // The cookie-path and the request-path are identical.
 202              return true;
 203          }
 204  
 205          if (strlen($request_path) > strlen($cookie_path) && substr($request_path, 0, strlen($cookie_path)) === $cookie_path) {
 206              if (substr($cookie_path, -1) === '/') {
 207                  // The cookie-path is a prefix of the request-path, and the last
 208                  // character of the cookie-path is %x2F ("/").
 209                  return true;
 210              }
 211  
 212              if (substr($request_path, strlen($cookie_path), 1) === '/') {
 213                  // The cookie-path is a prefix of the request-path, and the
 214                  // first character of the request-path that is not included in
 215                  // the cookie-path is a %x2F ("/") character.
 216                  return true;
 217              }
 218          }
 219  
 220          return false;
 221      }
 222  
 223      /**
 224       * Normalize cookie and attributes
 225       *
 226       * @return boolean Whether the cookie was successfully normalized
 227       */
 228  	public function normalize() {
 229          foreach ($this->attributes as $key => $value) {
 230              $orig_value = $value;
 231              $value = $this->normalize_attribute($key, $value);
 232              if ($value === null) {
 233                  unset($this->attributes[$key]);
 234                  continue;
 235              }
 236  
 237              if ($value !== $orig_value) {
 238                  $this->attributes[$key] = $value;
 239              }
 240          }
 241  
 242          return true;
 243      }
 244  
 245      /**
 246       * Parse an individual cookie attribute
 247       *
 248       * Handles parsing individual attributes from the cookie values.
 249       *
 250       * @param string $name Attribute name
 251       * @param string|boolean $value Attribute value (string value, or true if empty/flag)
 252       * @return mixed Value if available, or null if the attribute value is invalid (and should be skipped)
 253       */
 254  	protected function normalize_attribute($name, $value) {
 255          switch (strtolower($name)) {
 256              case 'expires':
 257                  // Expiration parsing, as per RFC 6265 section 5.2.1
 258                  if (is_int($value)) {
 259                      return $value;
 260                  }
 261  
 262                  $expiry_time = strtotime($value);
 263                  if ($expiry_time === false) {
 264                      return null;
 265                  }
 266  
 267                  return $expiry_time;
 268  
 269              case 'max-age':
 270                  // Expiration parsing, as per RFC 6265 section 5.2.2
 271                  if (is_int($value)) {
 272                      return $value;
 273                  }
 274  
 275                  // Check that we have a valid age
 276                  if (!preg_match('/^-?\d+$/', $value)) {
 277                      return null;
 278                  }
 279  
 280                  $delta_seconds = (int) $value;
 281                  if ($delta_seconds <= 0) {
 282                      $expiry_time = 0;
 283                  }
 284                  else {
 285                      $expiry_time = $this->reference_time + $delta_seconds;
 286                  }
 287  
 288                  return $expiry_time;
 289  
 290              case 'domain':
 291                  // Domains are not required as per RFC 6265 section 5.2.3
 292                  if (empty($value)) {
 293                      return null;
 294                  }
 295  
 296                  // Domain normalization, as per RFC 6265 section 5.2.3
 297                  if ($value[0] === '.') {
 298                      $value = substr($value, 1);
 299                  }
 300  
 301                  return $value;
 302  
 303              default:
 304                  return $value;
 305          }
 306      }
 307  
 308      /**
 309       * Format a cookie for a Cookie header
 310       *
 311       * This is used when sending cookies to a server.
 312       *
 313       * @return string Cookie formatted for Cookie header
 314       */
 315  	public function format_for_header() {
 316          return sprintf('%s=%s', $this->name, $this->value);
 317      }
 318  
 319      /**
 320       * Format a cookie for a Cookie header
 321       *
 322       * @codeCoverageIgnore
 323       * @deprecated Use {@see Requests_Cookie::format_for_header}
 324       * @return string
 325       */
 326  	public function formatForHeader() {
 327          return $this->format_for_header();
 328      }
 329  
 330      /**
 331       * Format a cookie for a Set-Cookie header
 332       *
 333       * This is used when sending cookies to clients. This isn't really
 334       * applicable to client-side usage, but might be handy for debugging.
 335       *
 336       * @return string Cookie formatted for Set-Cookie header
 337       */
 338  	public function format_for_set_cookie() {
 339          $header_value = $this->format_for_header();
 340          if (!empty($this->attributes)) {
 341              $parts = array();
 342              foreach ($this->attributes as $key => $value) {
 343                  // Ignore non-associative attributes
 344                  if (is_numeric($key)) {
 345                      $parts[] = $value;
 346                  }
 347                  else {
 348                      $parts[] = sprintf('%s=%s', $key, $value);
 349                  }
 350              }
 351  
 352              $header_value .= '; ' . implode('; ', $parts);
 353          }
 354          return $header_value;
 355      }
 356  
 357      /**
 358       * Format a cookie for a Set-Cookie header
 359       *
 360       * @codeCoverageIgnore
 361       * @deprecated Use {@see Requests_Cookie::format_for_set_cookie}
 362       * @return string
 363       */
 364  	public function formatForSetCookie() {
 365          return $this->format_for_set_cookie();
 366      }
 367  
 368      /**
 369       * Get the cookie value
 370       *
 371       * Attributes and other data can be accessed via methods.
 372       */
 373  	public function __toString() {
 374          return $this->value;
 375      }
 376  
 377      /**
 378       * Parse a cookie string into a cookie object
 379       *
 380       * Based on Mozilla's parsing code in Firefox and related projects, which
 381       * is an intentional deviation from RFC 2109 and RFC 2616. RFC 6265
 382       * specifies some of this handling, but not in a thorough manner.
 383       *
 384       * @param string Cookie header value (from a Set-Cookie header)
 385       * @return Requests_Cookie Parsed cookie object
 386       */
 387  	public static function parse($string, $name = '', $reference_time = null) {
 388          $parts = explode(';', $string);
 389          $kvparts = array_shift($parts);
 390  
 391          if (!empty($name)) {
 392              $value = $string;
 393          }
 394          elseif (strpos($kvparts, '=') === false) {
 395              // Some sites might only have a value without the equals separator.
 396              // Deviate from RFC 6265 and pretend it was actually a blank name
 397              // (`=foo`)
 398              //
 399              // https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=169091
 400              $name = '';
 401              $value = $kvparts;
 402          }
 403          else {
 404              list($name, $value) = explode('=', $kvparts, 2);
 405          }
 406          $name = trim($name);
 407          $value = trim($value);
 408  
 409          // Attribute key are handled case-insensitively
 410          $attributes = new Requests_Utility_CaseInsensitiveDictionary();
 411  
 412          if (!empty($parts)) {
 413              foreach ($parts as $part) {
 414                  if (strpos($part, '=') === false) {
 415                      $part_key = $part;
 416                      $part_value = true;
 417                  }
 418                  else {
 419                      list($part_key, $part_value) = explode('=', $part, 2);
 420                      $part_value = trim($part_value);
 421                  }
 422  
 423                  $part_key = trim($part_key);
 424                  $attributes[$part_key] = $part_value;
 425              }
 426          }
 427  
 428          return new Requests_Cookie($name, $value, $attributes, array(), $reference_time);
 429      }
 430  
 431      /**
 432       * Parse all Set-Cookie headers from request headers
 433       *
 434       * @param Requests_Response_Headers $headers Headers to parse from
 435       * @param Requests_IRI|null $origin URI for comparing cookie origins
 436       * @param int|null $time Reference time for expiration calculation
 437       * @return array
 438       */
 439  	public static function parse_from_headers(Requests_Response_Headers $headers, Requests_IRI $origin = null, $time = null) {
 440          $cookie_headers = $headers->getValues('Set-Cookie');
 441          if (empty($cookie_headers)) {
 442              return array();
 443          }
 444  
 445          $cookies = array();
 446          foreach ($cookie_headers as $header) {
 447              $parsed = self::parse($header, '', $time);
 448  
 449              // Default domain/path attributes
 450              if (empty($parsed->attributes['domain']) && !empty($origin)) {
 451                  $parsed->attributes['domain'] = $origin->host;
 452                  $parsed->flags['host-only'] = true;
 453              }
 454              else {
 455                  $parsed->flags['host-only'] = false;
 456              }
 457  
 458              $path_is_valid = (!empty($parsed->attributes['path']) && $parsed->attributes['path'][0] === '/');
 459              if (!$path_is_valid && !empty($origin)) {
 460                  $path = $origin->path;
 461  
 462                  // Default path normalization as per RFC 6265 section 5.1.4
 463                  if (substr($path, 0, 1) !== '/') {
 464                      // If the uri-path is empty or if the first character of
 465                      // the uri-path is not a %x2F ("/") character, output
 466                      // %x2F ("/") and skip the remaining steps.
 467                      $path = '/';
 468                  }
 469                  elseif (substr_count($path, '/') === 1) {
 470                      // If the uri-path contains no more than one %x2F ("/")
 471                      // character, output %x2F ("/") and skip the remaining
 472                      // step.
 473                      $path = '/';
 474                  }
 475                  else {
 476                      // Output the characters of the uri-path from the first
 477                      // character up to, but not including, the right-most
 478                      // %x2F ("/").
 479                      $path = substr($path, 0, strrpos($path, '/'));
 480                  }
 481                  $parsed->attributes['path'] = $path;
 482              }
 483  
 484              // Reject invalid cookie domains
 485              if (!empty($origin) && !$parsed->domain_matches($origin->host)) {
 486                  continue;
 487              }
 488  
 489              $cookies[$parsed->name] = $parsed;
 490          }
 491  
 492          return $cookies;
 493      }
 494  
 495      /**
 496       * Parse all Set-Cookie headers from request headers
 497       *
 498       * @codeCoverageIgnore
 499       * @deprecated Use {@see Requests_Cookie::parse_from_headers}
 500       * @return string
 501       */
 502  	public static function parseFromHeaders(Requests_Response_Headers $headers) {
 503          return self::parse_from_headers($headers);
 504      }
 505  }


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