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user_can › WordPress Function

user_can ( $user, $capability, $args )
Parameters: (3)
  • (int|WP_User) $user User ID or object.
    Required: Yes
  • (string) $capability Capability name.
    Required: Yes
  • (mixed) $args Optional further parameters, typically starting with an object ID.
    Required: Yes
  • (bool) Whether the user has the given capability.
Defined at:
Change Log:
  • 5.3.0

Returns whether a particular user has the specified capability.

This function also accepts an ID of an object to check against if the capability is a meta capability. Meta capabilities such as edit_post and edit_user are capabilities used by the map_meta_cap() function to map to primitive capabilities that a user or role has, such as edit_posts and edit_others_posts. Example usage: user_can( $user->ID, 'edit_posts' ); user_can( $user->ID, 'edit_post', $post->ID ); user_can( $user->ID, 'edit_post_meta', $post->ID, $meta_key );


function user_can( $user, $capability, ...$args ) {
	if ( ! is_object( $user ) ) {
		$user = get_userdata( $user );

	if ( empty( $user ) ) {
		// User is logged out, create anonymous user object.
		$user = new WP_User( 0 );
		$user->init( new stdClass() );

	return $user->has_cap( $capability, ...$args );